The Monks of Dobromyl Basilian Monastery of St. Onuphrius (1783): A Biographical Review

15 December 2019

Yuryi Stetsyk, Vasyl Ilnytskyi and Vladislav Boyechko

This study presents a historiographical review of the countrywide studies of Dobromyl Monastery, as well as more localised studies. The biographical sources sought in our study aiming to collect personal data about the inhabitants of the monastery include the monks’ catalogues, the visitation records, the monk’s reports, the monks’ biographies and monastery obituaries, but also the dynamics of the monastic population from 1739 to 1783. The factors that influenced the changes in the composition of the monastic fraternity were identified as the operation of the novitiate school and monastic studios. The history of the founding of Dobromyl Novitiate is revealed. The monks’ prosopographic characteristics considered are the following: origin (territorial and social), age indicators (age of entry, length of stay in the monastery and the Order and total life expectancy), responsibilities (administrative, economic, pedagogical or ecclesiastical), educational training, ecclesiastical stages (novice, candidate, brother or father) and priestly ordinations (sub-deacon, deacon or priest). A report by an abbot of the monastery was prepared for publication in 1783. Based on the personal data, the biographies of the Basilian monks are drafted according to unified indicators: time and place of birth, time and place of entry into monasticism, period and place of novitiate, time of drawing up of monastic vows of profession, educational studies, degrees of consecrations and transfers to other monasteries of Sviatopokrovsk in order to perform various duties.

Basilians, biogram, monastic vows, profess, novitiate.

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2. Mykhailo Kril and Yurii Stetsyk, “Vasyliianskyi monastyr Sv. Onufriia yak pamiatka istorii ta arkhitektury” [St. Onuphrius Basilian Monastery as a Monument of History and Architecture], Pamiatky Ukrainy: istoriia ta kultura 3, 201 (2014): 48-53; Vasyl Slobodian, Cerkvy Ukrainy. Peremyska ieparchiia [Churches of Ukraine. Diocese of Peremyska] (Lviv, 1998), 760; Lesia Chen, “Typy rozplanuvannia vasylianskykh monastyriv” [Types of Planning of Basilian Monasteries], Visnyk Nacionalnoho universytetuLvivska politekhnika. Arkhitektura 632 (2008): 82-91.

3. Mykhailo Vavryk, Po vasyliianskykh monastyriakh [Over Basilian Monasteries] (Toronto: Basilian Press, 1958), 286; Mykhailo Vavryk, Narys rozvytku i stanu Vasyliianskoho Chynu XVII-XX st. Topohrafichno-statystychna rozvidka [An Essay on the Development and Condition of the Basilian Order of the 17th-20th Centuries. Topographic and Statistical Research], Analecta OSBM, Series II, Sectio I, Opera, Vol. XL (Romae: PP. Basiliani, 1979), 180; Dobromylska reforma i vidrodzhennia ukrainskoi с Dopovidi ta materialy uchasnykiv Mizhnarodnoi naukovoi konferentsii, prysviachenoi 120-litnii richnytsi pochatku Dobromylskoi reformy Vasylianskoho Chynu Sv. Yosafata i 100-litnii richnytsi perenesennia vasyliianskoho novitsiatu z Dobromylia u Krekhiv [Dobromyl Reform and the Revival of the Ukrainian Church. Reports and Materials of Participants of the International Scientific Conference on the 120-Year Anniversary of the Beginning of Dobromyl Reforms of the Basilian Order of St. Josaphat and 100-Year Anniversary of the Transfer of the Basilian Novitiate from Dobromyl to Krekhiv] (Lviv, 2003), 304; Isydor Patrylo, “Narys rozvytku Vasyliian 1743-1889 rr.” [An Essay on Basilian Development 1743-1889], Analecta OSBM, Series II, Sectio I, Opera, Vol. 48 (Romae: PP. Basiliani, 1992): 160-210; Yurii Stetsyk, Vasylianski monastyri Peremyshlskoi ieparkhii (kinets XVII-XVIII st.): monohrafiia [Basilian Monasteries of the Diocese of Przemysl (The End of 17th-18th Centuries): Monograph] (Drohobych: Publishing department of Ivan Franko Drohobych State Pedagogical University, 2014), 388.

4. Cathalogus monasteriorum Ordinis Sancti Basilii Magni provinciae Protectionis Beatissimae Virginis Mariae cum residentibus in iis Religiosis Patribus et Fratribus ex Anno 1773 a Mense Septembri ad Septembrem 1774 Anni (Typis S.R.M. Monaste Poczajovien: O.S.B.M. Anno Domini, 1773); Cathalogus monasteriorum Ordinis Sancti Basilii Magni provinciae Protectionis Beatissimae Virginis Mariae cum residentibus in iis Religiosis Patribus et Fratribus ex Anno 1775 in Annum 1776 (Typis S.R.M. Monaste: Poczajovien: O.S.B.M. Anno Domini, 1775).

5. Department of Manuscripts, fund. 3, case. 435, 436, 614, Lviv National Scientific Library named after V. Stefanyk (hereafter abbreviated DM LNSL).

6. F 142, case. 222, fol. 11-13, State Archives in Przemysl (hereafter abbreviated SAP).

7. Vadentyna Los and Nataliia Sinkevych, “Cathalogus partum et fratrum defunctorum Chyn sv. Vasyliia Velykoho u fondakh instytutu rukopysiv NBUV (seredyna XVIII-pochatok XIX st.)” [Cathalogus partum et fratrum defunctorum the Order of St. Basil the Great in the Fonds of the Institute of Manuscripts of the NBUU (Mid-18th - Early-19th Centuries)], Henealohichni zapysky 12 (new series 6) (2014): 77-101.

8. Stetsyk, Vasylianski monastyri, 347-350.

9. Ibid., 36, 48.