De la patriotismul dinastic la România Mare. Bisericile româneşti din Transilvania în tumultul politic al anilor 1914-1918
A research focused on following attitude Abstract of Romanian clergy from
Transylvania throughout the First World War, leads to identification of two radical,
different positions. Orthodox or Greek-Catholic priests had reconfirmed the dynastic
patriotism, in June-July 1914. This assumation did not limit to declarations, marking the
whole civic involvement of priesthood, throughout the whole church hierarchy. After
only four years, the same priesthood formed, at central and local level, the most
consistent professional contingent hired in the political action which focused on union
of Transylvania with Romania. This study deals exactly with defining objective and
subjective factors that have generated this change. The phenomenon cannot be
attributed only to disappearance of the object of dynastic patriotism, by resignation of
Emperor Carol I on 11 November 1918. It was contoured under the influence of the
internal political line adopted by the Hungarian government, especially after beginning
of Romanian’s belligerence, in August 1916.
Issues of religious identity identified in the study are determined especially by
situation on the same side of the political barricade of two different churches and under
circumstances in which the Greek-Catholic Church militated to change a statality in
which Catholicism was the official religion with one in which Orthodoxy was
procclaimed as dominant Church, by Constitution.
Transylvanian Orthodoxes themselves confronted with identity issues
immediately afterwards union of Transylvania with Romania. Orthodox clergy from the
Old Kingdom manifested serious reservations about principles of the Organic Statute
issued by Andrei Şaguna, that had to substantiate law concerning organisation of the
Orthodox Church of Greater Romania.
Romanian Orthodox Church, Greek-Catholic Keywords Church, dynastic patriotism,
First World War, confessional identity, Hungary, Romania.